Economic Impacts of Tourism: The Good

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Topic 2 Critical Analysis – Economic Impacts of Tourism: The Good

 

One way through which tourism benefits local communities is through creation of employment opportunities, especially in developing countries with higher rates of unemployment. On the large scale, tourism contributes a sizable part of the gross domestic product of many countries, by directly or indirectly contributing to the economy. For example, tourism is one of the leading contributors of GDP in Kenya. In a country with a very high rate of unemployment, tourism industry contribute about 9.0% of the total employment, which is about 1.3 million jobs (World Travel & Tourism Council, 2018). These statistics reveals that tourism plays a critical role in the country’s economic growth.  On the areas where tourism takes place or at the local levels, tourism contributes to economic development by creating employment opportunities for the local people. Apart from direct employment in hotels, parks, beaches, and other support services, there are thousands of others who sell merchandise to tourists. A good example is the locals at Maasai Mara National Park, one of the most visited national parks in Africa. In the leading Maasai Mara game reserve, tourism has enabled women to access employment opportunities directly or indirectly.

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Topic 2 Critical Analysis – Economic Impacts of Tourism: The Good

One of the good benefits of tourism is economic growth. The tourism industry generates
billions of dollars every year and the money goes directly to the local economies where
tourism activities take place. Being one of the profitable economic sectors in the world,
tourism generates real economic benefits to the local economy.
Too general and introductory
Start with your argument on tourism impacts relating to a particular concept

One way through which tourism benefits local communities is through creation of
employment opportunities, especially in developing countries with higher rates of
unemployment.
What are the narrow or broader outcomes of tourism impacts relating to a chosen concept ?
To which industry sector? National or local levels, specific types of employment rates

In Kenya, one of the leading tourist destinations in Eastern part of Africa, tourism plays a
greater role in the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) through direct and indirect
revenue generation. Tourism directly contributes about US$2.847 million, which is about
3.7% of the total GDP (World Travel & Tourism Council, 2018). Indirectly, it contributes
about 9.7% of the GDP (World Travel & Tourism Council, 2018).
In a country with a very high rate of unemployment, tourism industry contribute about 9.0%
of the total employment, which is about 1.3 million jobs (World Travel & Tourism Council,
2018). These statistics reveals that tourism plays a critical role in the country’s economic
growth. However, greater benefits are realized with increase employment opportunities for
the local communities. For example, in the leading Maasai Mara game reserve, tourism has
enabled women to access employment opportunities directly or indirectly.
According to Chacha (2016) the “selling” culture in Sekenani village near Maasai Mara is a
good example of how tourism creates job opportunities in the local community. Although
Sekenani is a village of contrast where global millionaires from world-over interact with
villages struggling for upkeep, the sight of Morans dancing to the guest for a fee, and

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women selling their beads, is evidence that tourism has transformed the otherwise remote
village inhabited by herders. It is a village in the middle of nowhere, but a marketplace
where local women interact with buyers who come for their beads and ornaments. Sarova
Mara Game Lodge offer selling space for women every Saturday, giving them direct access
to tourists. This is in addition to tourists who come down to the Sekenani village to buy the
bead works. Members of the Maasai community who borders the Maasai Mara are also
given first priority for direct employment opportunities in lodges located within and outside
the game reserve. Therefore, this is a good example where tourism directly and indirectly
contributes to employment opportunities for the local community.

Missing another comparative position on weaker outcome of tourism with examples and critical
points
Add further argument statement for comparison points – stronger vs weaker outcomes of tourism
there is a weaker outcome of employment issues
C-

References

Chacha, G 2016, 'Selling' culture for a living is Sekenani's way of life‘,Standard Digital,
viewed 1 Sep 2018, < https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/lifestyle/article/2000203661/selling-
culture-for-a-living-is-sekenani-s-way-of-life >.

World Travel & Tourism Council, 2018, ‘Travel and Tourism economic impact 2018’, Kenya,
viewed 1 Sep 2018, <https://www.wttc.org/-/media/files/reports/economic-impact-
research/countries-2018/kenya2018.pdf>.