Early psychosis Assessment


each individual member of a group is required to contribute a literature review on a focused aspect of the overall group topic. This background research will provide an important foundation for the group to be able to work in an informed manner in the later part of the semester. This assessment item is marked individually, however it also represents an important contribution to group outcomes. Hence it is vital that in developing your literature review, that you do so in the context of the overall group project. You should work collaboratively with your group to ensure your particular contribution is strategically valuable to the group and also that it does not overlap with other individual contributions.

Specific Requirements
Each student should submit a 1,500 word literature review on a particular aspect (ASSESSMENT) of the overall topic (EARLY PSYCHOSIS) as negotiated within the group. Other group members are covering topics (treatment, early intervention and characteristics of early psychosis).

It is very important that your literature review demonstrates your skills in locating high quality literature in a systematic manner and that you critically appraise the literature in order to discern its strengths and limitations. A literature review is more than just a summary of information; it must demonstrate your skills in critical reasoning. Whilst many of your literature reviews will cover a multidisciplinary area of scholarship (most health issues are underpinned by a diverse array of disciplines), you should ensure that your critical appraisal reflects your social work disciplinary values and perspectives.

Thus whilst you should demonstrate an understanding of relevant biomedical aspects of your chosen health issue, you should ensure your appraisal of the literature reflects and develops your knowledge and skills as a social worker.

1. Mcgorry, P.D, Copolove, D.L and Singh, B.S (1990) Royal Park Multidiagnostic Instrument for psychosis: Part 1. Rationale and Review. Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol 16 (3)
2.mcgorry, (1995) Psychoeducation in first episode psychosis: a therapeutic process. Pyschiatry 58 (4)
3. Koursouleris et al (2011) Early recognition and disease prediction in the at risk mental states for psychosis using neurocognitive pattern classification. Schizophrenia bulletin
4.Schultze-Luter, F., Ruhrmann, S., and Klosterkotter, (2009) Early detection pf psychosis – establishing a service for persons at risk. European Psychiatry
5.Ruhmann et al (2010) Probably at risk, but certainly ill – advocating the introduction of a psychosis spectrum disorder in dsm-v. Schizophrenia Bulletin
6.Yung and Mcgorry (1996). The initial prodrome in psychosis: descriptive and qualitative aspects. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry.
7. McGorry et al (2006) Clinical staging of psychiatric disorders: a heuristic framework for choosing earlier, safer, and more effective interventions. Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry.
8. Pencer and Addington (2005). Outcome of a first episode of psychosis in adolescence: a 2 yr follow up. Psychiatry research.
9.By Alison R. Yung and Patrick D. McGorry. (1996) The Prodromal Phase of First-episode Psychosis: Past and Current Conceptualizations Schizophrenia Bulletin, Vol. 22, No. 2, 1996 National Institute of Mental Health


Literature Review to be written from a social work perspective

Your introduction should give an outline of
• why you are writing a review, and why the topic is important
• the scope of the review — what aspects of the topic will be discussed
• the criteria used for your literature selection (e.g.. type of sources used, date range)
• the organisational pattern of the review.

Body paragraphs
Each body paragraph should deal with a different theme that is relevant to your topic. You will need to synthesise several of your reviewed readings into each paragraph, so that there is a clear connection between the various sources. You will need to critically analyse each source for how they contribute to the themes you are researching.
The body could include paragraphs on:
• historical background
• methodologies
• previous studies on the topic
• mainstream versus alternative viewpoints
• principle questions being asked
• general conclusions that are being drawn.
Your conclusion should give a summary of:
• the main agreements and disagreements in the literature
• any gaps or areas for further research
• your overall perspective on the topic.

Checklist for a literature review
Have I:
• Outlined the purpose and scope?
• Identified appropriate and credible (academic/scholarly) literature?
• recorded the bibliographical details of the sources?
• analysed and critiqued your readings?
• Identified gaps in the literature and research?
• Explored methodologies / theories / hypotheses / models?
• Discussed the varying viewpoints?
• Written an introduction, body and conclusion?
Checked punctuation and spelling?


Psychosis is described as a mental state characterized by loss or buckle of contact with reality. This mental condition has affected wide ranging number of people especially in adolescence and childhood hence has become a topic of interest (Mcgorry et al., 1990). Psychosis is mainly caused by certain medical conditions, abuse of alcohol and drugs, and a number of psychiatric disorders including; bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and schizophrenic form psychosis (Koursouleris et al., 2011). When one has this mental condition, he or she is unable to concentrate on one thing and usually loses memory contact of the reality. There are positive and negative symptoms of psychosis. Positive symptoms include hallucinations, thought disorder and delusions (Mcgorry, 1995). On the other hand, negative symptoms include; poverty of speech or thought, loss of motivation, and affective blunting. In addition to these symptoms, there are other secondary features of this disorder which include, impaired role functioning, social withdrawal, sleep disturbances, behavior changes, and agitation (Schultze-Luter et al., 2009).