Digital divide


Guidelines for CS 340 Paper

Spring 2010






The paper is typed using a word processor. In general, the following guide lines should be followed.


· The paper should be between 4 and 5 pages in length, double spaced, using a 10 or 12 point font, with 1 inch margins.

· The paper should have a minimum of 3 references. That is, the paper should contain information gathered from several sources. It should not be just a paraphrase of one article.

· A very useful source of information is the World Wide Web. You may often find articles available over the Web that you can download.

· The paper must contain a proper bibliography and citations. Please use a style manual—it is not important which one—if you are not sure of the proper form. The citations can be in the form of a footnote, an endnote, or the style that is more common in technical journals. The following example illustrates this.

Suppose I am doing a paper on message routing in a multi-computer, and one of the articles I am using for a reference has the bibliographical reference:

[1] Christopher J. Glass and Lionel M. Ni, “The Turn Model for Adaptive Routing”, in Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture, (Gold Coast, Australia), pp. 278–287, ACM press, May 1992.

When I cite something from this paper, it would look like: Glass and Ni proposed a solution to the problem of deadlock in wormhole routing called the Turn Model [1].



· Remember that you must cite your references for a direct quotation and for ideas that are not your own. A 3-5 page paper without any citations would be very unusual. If you are citing a document you found on the Web, you must also include the URL (Universal Resource Location; for example, the URL for the Computer Science department home page is The following is an example of a bibliography entry from a document obtained from the web.

J. Gosling, “The Java Language Environment,” white paper, Sun Microsystems, Mountain View, CA, 1995;

· Please proofread your paper carefully. It is quite acceptable to have someone else read your paper and make suggestions. The paper will be graded using the following distributions

50% Content What you say

30% Presentation How you say it

20% Mechanics Spelling, Grammar, References, Citations


· The paper is due no later than Thursday ay 13th, by 5:00 p.m. in electronic format as an attachment to email. A late paper will be graded for half credit.


Digital divide is among the new terms that have emerged in reference to globalization and application of new technology. It has been used in reference to the inequalities existing in the world.  Application of emerging information and communication is today used to measure development of the society.  This means that digital divide can also be used to assess how developed a society is in comparison to other societies. With information and communication technologies becoming a part of life, digital divide has become an important concern since it gives an expression of the wellbeing of any given society.