Cover page (available on Blackboard)

1 A full citation of the article being reviewed 

E.g. Glinert, L. (2010). Apologizing to China: Elastic apologies and the meta-discourse of   American diplomats. Intercultural Pragmatics, 7 (1), 47-74.

2 Summary of the article

In this section, there should be a summary of the main points and conclusions made in the article. For example, 

– What the research question is (usually stated in the Abstract and Introduction), 

– If applicable, briefly describe the methods: design of the study, how many subjects were involved, what they did, and where the research was conducted … (in the Methods)

– Describe the findings, etc.

Critical evaluation of the article 

You should include critical comments on the ideas and information that the author(s) presents in the article, commenting on its strengths, usefulness, weaknesses, limitations, problems... In particular, ask yourself some of the following questions (you may not be able to discuss all of them, choose the ones you think are more relevant and important): 

– How does the author(s) support their arguments?

– Is the argument convincing? Is the evidence valid, comprehensive and thorough? 

– How does the study design address the research questions?

– Is the methodology appropriate? Any weaknesses? 

– What questions remain unanswered? Anything omitted?

– Are the findings presented clearly and fully?

– Could the data be interpreted in another way? 

– How does the article contribute to the field? 


– Make your concluding remarks on the article

– Comment on the implications of the research

Reference List (APA 6th)


The article was written and published by Gu Yueguo in 1990 and mainly focuses on the aspect of politeness in Chinese. The main of the article is to provide an account regarding the politeness phenomena in modern Chinese. To achieve this, the author looks at both the historical and the modern concepts of politeness which helps in understanding the basis of politeness among the Chinese. The author also compares the western concept of face and politeness with that of the Chinese. The article looks at the connectedness of politeness and the language or conversation. The author reviewed other articles to come up with his own conclusion on politeness. Secondary data and information from other researchers was relied on by the author and heavily used the work by Brown and Levinson (1978, 1987) and in Leech (1977, 1983) who have conducted a comprehensive research on politeness in Chinese language. The researcher came up with four politeness dictums or maxims; Self-denigration, Address, Tact and Generosity Maxims which can be said to be the main findings of the research paper.