Crisis Negotiation

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Crisis Negotiation

Crisis Negotiation

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Hostage negotiation is not new in the world. It has been described in religious books and in other books of history. However, over the years, the tactics used in crisis hostage negotiation have been changing over the years. For the better part of the modern  world history, use of Special weapons  and Tactics (SWAT) has been the order in hostage negotiation but few incidents like the “Munich Massacre” in which Palestine terrorists, Israel athlete team hostages, one policeman, in total of 22 people died (Call). In addition, the use of SWAT when dealing with mentally handicapped people who take others hostage   is difficult. Therefore the new tactics involves negotiating rather than use of weapons. According to Lanceley (30) there are mainly two types of hostage takers including professional criminals who may take hostages in order to fight or as a result of flight panic, while the other group includes inadequate personalities who are emotionally disturbed persons who may take hostages with an aim of maintaining prolonged attention to themselves or for their plight. In many cases, mental or emotionally disturbed individuals who visit a facility may result in hostage taking, high risk suicide or act out disgruntled employee situation.  Considering all the different kinds of hostage takers, there are three main choices for them. First, they may decide to martyrdom where they kill the hostages and then commit suicide. Second, they may lessen the demand to reachable terms, while the third option is to surrender to police.