Chapter 5 ‘Culture Shock’


Culture shock is defined as tension and anxiety, that combines with a feeling of isolation, loss, confusion and powerless when an individual moves into a new culture (Winkelman, 1994). It results from losing the familiar signs and immersing into a new culture with completely new signs. It is a clash of individual health beliefs, customers and behaviors with the same aspect of a new culture. Losing familiar signs life works, gestures, facial expression, norms and others is likely to result in confusion, disorientation, conflict, stress, and anxiety (Winkelman, 1994). Eckerman, Dowd, Nixon, Gray, and Johnson (2012) state that, “contact between non-Aboriginal people and an Aboriginal community can also result in a stressful period of adjustment” (p. 124).  The elements of cultural shock are reflected in the case of Dr. Lara Wieland, who immersed into the Aboriginal’s culture and became a part of their life. As she recounts, blending and getting accepted into the Aboriginal culture as a process through which she had to first understand the Aboriginal culture to understand them as a whole and not as patients (Wieland, 2014). Culture shock goes through different stages and Dr. Lara Wieland’s narration shows that she passed through the stages.



Indigenous Cultures and Health Behaviour (ICHB1006) Semester 2, 2018
Page 1 of 2
Critical Reflection Part 2: Assignment Instructions
 The assessment consists of 3 critical reflections: Using approximately 400 words (+/-10%) each.
 Read Chapter 2 ‘Aboriginal communities today’ in the textbook. Then: Choose one social
determinant of health and critically reflect on how this influences the health and wellbeing of
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
 Read Chapter 3 ‘Coping with change and violence’ and Chapter 4 ‘Cultural vitality’ in the
textbook. Then: Critically reflect on the impact of ONE of the following on the mental health
and social well-being of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples: Reflect on how this may
impact on your future role as a health professional.
 Racism- institutional, interpersonal; OR
 Strong connection to culture and identity. (Choose one)
 Read Chapter 5 ‘Culture Shock’ in the textbook and Weiland, L. (2014). My journey into
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. Australian Family Physician, 43 (1/2), 12-14.
( ). Then: Critically reflect on
the impact of ‘culture shock’ on effective communication in ONE of the following situations.
Reflect on effective communication can enhance your role your future role as a health
 An Aboriginal person from a remote community who is admitted to a large tertiary
hospital in the city; OR
 A non-Aboriginal health professional who goes to work in a remote Aboriginal
community. (Choose one)
General Instructions
 The following videos/resources can be useful for the Assessment
 This is the Reflective Writing video (from University of Hull, UK): (6 mins)
 This is another video (from the University of Melbourne) that you might find useful as it
introduces another model which may work better for you: (6.5 mins)
 Reflective Writing, Curtin University: Writing, Deakin University:
Indigenous Cultures and Health Behaviour (ICHB1006) Semester 2, 2018
Page 2 of 2
 How do I write reflectively? University of New South Wales:
 If you refer to anything written in the textbook in your reflection, cite the source. Even though
we have all read the book and know where the information comes from, you must demonstrate
academic integrity in your writing.
 You will need to use other books, government/organisational reports, peer reviewed journal
articles or websites (hosted by reputable organisations) to support your comments and to
ensure that you have met the criteria for the minimum 3 academic sources required for this
assessment. Use APA 6th Edition Referencing Style.
 You may use statistical data to support your reflection, but make sure you use recent data.
 Readings provided on Moodle and in your weekly workbooks will prove useful but you will also
undertake further research as you require. You will need to cite and reference all sources you
use as evidence for your comments.
 If you remember a comment being made in class, this needs to be traced to a source that can be
referenced before it can be cited/used.
 Reference your work at the end of the assignment.
 Only your own personal thoughts and conclusions can be presented without an attached
citation. When you write about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander history, culture and health,
you must cite a source.
 Please note that Turnitin will detect any matches with the assignments of other students –
including students who have submitted in past years. Be very careful if you look at any other
assignments to ‘get an idea’ of what is required – this is very personal assignment and must
reflect your own thoughts/ideas.
 Please carefully read the feedback guide (rubric) in ‘Assessments’ on Moodle to see what is
being asked of you in detail. This will be used by your lecturer to provide feedback after your
assignment has been marked.
 Due date: Friday 5th October, Time: 23:55