Case Study: Should football have goal line technology?


Find at least 5 sources. Read through the different sources and evaluate them using Cottrell’s (2005) 8 steps in the process of critical thinking. (You may use any sources you choose, except Wikipedia. You may use more sources, but respect the word limits of the assignment.) Use your knowledge to evaluate the true facts in the case. Finish the case study by writing your own opinion. Be sure to look at the dates of any sources that you find, who wrote them, what claims they are making, and what evidence they have. You may of course use Arabic sources as well. Just translate the information of the source to write it in APA format.
Be sure to record all of your sources of information in correct APA format and include them as references at the end of your case study.

800-1000 words

Minimum 5 sources. Use high quality websites, databases, and resources.

Submit here and on SafeAssign. You can make a digital learning object instead of writing a paper.

(Example of a digital learning object:

In a case study, the teacher gives you a “case,” a problem, to analyze and write about. Here are the steps to follow in writing the essay.

Step 1: Review the history, background, and details of the case.

Step 2: State the main problem or issue present in the case.

Step 3: List the main possible solutions to the case.

Step 4: State the important and probable outcomes or consequences of each main solution.

Step 5: Describe the likely impact of each main solution on peoples’ lives.

Step 6: Explain the values upheld and those violated by each main solution.

Step 7: Evaluate each main point and its outcomes, likely impact, and the values upheld and violated by it. Compare the possible solutions to each other and weigh them.

Step 8: Decide which solution is best; state it, clarity its details, and justify it.

Step 9: Defend the decision against objections to its main weaknesses.


When evaluating and analyzing the sources in this assignment, use Cottrell’s (2005) 8 steps in the process of critical thinking:

1. Identify other people’s position, arguments and conclusions.

2. Evaluate the evidence for alternative points of view.

3. Weigh up opposing arguments and evidence fairly.

4. Read between the lines, seeing behind surfaces, and identify false or unfair assumptions.

5. Recognize techniques used to make certain positions more appealing than others, such as false logic and persuasive devices.

6. Reflect on issues in a structured way, bringing logic and insight to bear.

7. Draw conclusions about whether arguments are valid and justifiable, based on good evidence and sensible assumptions.

8. Present a point of view in a structured, clear, well-reasoned way that convinces others.


APA Guidelines

Times New Roman, font size 12 and double space


Forget goalline technology – it’s imperfection that makes football great
Michael Hann, Friday 25 May 2012
A more precise game isn’t more beautiful. Mistakes keep the sport exciting, be they in a pub match or a World Cup final The goalposts at Wembley on 2 June, when England play Belgium in a friendly international, will be a little different. Added to the normal rectangular frame will be a series of cameras, employed as part of the Hawk-Eye system, which will be used to check whether the ball really has crossed the line. It’s one of the last trials for what has, laboriously, come to be known as “goalline technology” or “GLT” (perhaps “cameras on the posts” doesn’t sound scientific enough) before world football’s governing body, Fifa, decides whether referees need this additional help on 2 July.
Opposing GLT appears, on the face of it, to be a fool’s errand. Who doesn’t want referees to make the right decisions? Which English football supporter, remembering Frank Lampard’s wrongly disallowed goal against Germany in the last World Cup, wouldn’t dream that maybe the national team might have avoided ignominious defeat had that goal been allowed?
Football fans, however, should be careful what they wish for. The drive to GLT is not the result of a desire for fairness and accuracy. Instead the words its proponents routinely invoke when demanding its introduction are: “With so much at stake …” By which they mean, with the rewards for success and the costs of failure at top-level football so immense, human error is unacceptable.
Why so? The beauty of football is that every officially sanctioned game is the same. The pitch must be of a size conforming to the strictures of the laws of the game; the goals are the same size regardless of the teams; the officials apply the same laws, whether it’s a World Cup final or a Sunday league game between two pub teams. GLT will destroy this thread of consistency running through the game: economics dictates that cameras (and officials to study their pictures) will …
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Goal line technology refers to a technology that is meant to determine when the ball has crossed over the goal line. It is a new controversial technology in football. The technology has been developed following some incidences occur where in football games, where the referee does not notice that the ball has closed the line. This can be because the referee was a distance away from the line or due to obstruction from players. It is also difficult to tell or see a ball that has closed the line by few inches before the defender hoofs it off (Gifford, 2012). It has been difficult to referee a match but with the aid of the technology, the referee’s work is made easier and more efficient. This essay evaluates the facts in the case from five different sources.