Atacama Region Border dispute between Chile and Bolivia

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Atacama Region Border dispute between Chile and Bolivia

Atacama Region Border dispute between Chile and Bolivia

Atacama border conflict is one of the longest border conflicts in the world.  It was a border conflict between Chile and Bolivia in the 1800s and ended up with signing of the Peace Treaty between Chile and Bolivia in 1904 and Chile and Bolivia in 1929.  At the end of the conflict, Chile annexed all the coastal strip of Bolivia and the southern tip of Peru.

Atacama Region Border dispute between Chile and Bolivia

At a point in the course of the conflict, Argentina was drawn into the conflict resulting to its annexation of Bolivian territory which as controlled by Chile. Even after the signing of the peace treaty, the conflict seems to be going on since Bolivia still claim to be granted the sovereign access to Pacific Ocean even after annexation of its costal strip.  Although the area as owned by Bolivia and Peru, Chile continued with mining mineral rights even after the signing of the treaty which as Bolivia list it entire coastal line making it landlocked country.

Atacama Region Border dispute between Chile and Bolivia

The main cause of the conflict was the abundance of mineral in the Atacama Desert. Atacama Desert is the driest desert on either with little human inhabitation. However, it is very rich in minerals especially sodium nitrate.