American Affirmative Action Has Not Outlived Its Usefulness
The guiding principle in the declaration of independence in America was liberty which was based on the fact that all men have been created equal and there should be no one superior to the other. However this principle was not reflected in the daily life and was just a slogan which was perhaps advanced to claim independence. Today it is very clear that principle of equality has not been aligned to the freedom Americans claim to have.
Equality does not exist for women, blacks, racial minorities, and other Native Americans. Although the charter of entry to the federation was pegged on abolition of slavery and protection of individuals under the law, American blacks were still denied equal protection under the law in some of the states. School still remained racially segregated in other social life spheres like housing policy and in social behavior. But even with the movement of 1960s which were aimed at achieving more equality, the whites have maintained superiority and there are few numbers of blacks who reach influential positions in life. (Bobo, 2004)