Dylan is a sixteen year old adolescent and is having problems with substance abuse. Dylan began smoking at a tender age of 11. One of the factors that have contributed to Dylan’s condition is the ongoing conflict with her mother and her father. His father thinks Dylan is lazy but her mother usually supports him. Dylan attempts to seek treatment have been affected by the lack of his family involvement. This paper examines how the cognitive-behavioral approach can be used to treat Dylan’s condition.
The available literature indicates that when adolescents become witnesses of conflicts in a family environment they externalize behavior problems. The available literature also concurs that inter-parental conflicts are detrimental to children’s well-being (Vijayakumar, 2011). According to the DSM of mental disorders, for one to be diagnosed with substance abuse one of the following conditions should exist. Firstly, there must be recurrent substance resulting in a failure of the victim to fulfil major role obligations. Secondly, the victim uses substances recurrently and in a hazardous manner. Thirdly, there must be recurrent substance-related legal problems. Lastly, the victim continues to abuse drugs despite persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems.