#1:Search and Seizure; #2: Lineup and Identification

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There are 2 Assignments to be done here: #1: Search and Seizure; and #2: Lineup and Identification. TEXTBOOK to be used:Criminal Evidence 5th edition by:Norman M. Garland; McGraw Hill Publishers.

Just follow the instructions below for these assignments.

ASSIGNMENT #1: 1 to 3 page essay WORD DOCUMENT
Writing Assignment: Search and Seizure
Write a 1 to 3 page paper that addresses the following scenario:

You are driving a car with a passenger inside. The vehicle is registered in your mother’s name. Your mother has some items in the trunk in a locked box. You also have luggage in the trunk, but it isn’t locked.

The passenger’s belongings are in the back seat in a plastic trash bag. You have stored your wallet and some money in the vehicle’s glove compartment, which is not locked. You also have money in your shirt pocket.

Unknown to you, one of your taillights is no longer working. Also unknown to you is that the passenger has placed drug paraphernalia on the dashboard of the car.

You stop at a gas station for snacks and fuel. You fill up the car while the passenger goes inside. Shortly after entering, the passenger comes running out of the store and yells: “Let’s go – now!” As you drive off, you hear police sirens.

The police stop at the store and you continue driving. About an hour and one state later, you see a police car behind you with lights and sirens on. You pull over to the side of the road and start to exit the vehicle, but the police officer instructs you to remain inside the car.

1.On what basis can the police legally stop you? What can they do once they have stopped your car? Can they search all parts of your vehicle? Can they search you and your passenger? If so, how extensively can they search?
Can they legally search your luggage, the passenger’s plastic bag and your mom’s locked box? Can the police seize the property found in the vehicle?

2.Once the police find drugs on your passenger and see the drug paraphernalia on the dash, do they have probable cause for an arrest, and if so, who is subject to arrest?

Description

Search and seizure is a procedure that is used in civil and common law in legal systems practiced in many countries in the world.  The police or any other authority which suspects that a person has committed a crime are warranted to search in person’s property and confiscate anything that could be relevant to the committed crime.  However search and seizers are protected in the constitution of many countries and therefore they are supposed to be conducted in view of individual right to privacy. Therefore in most cases, the law enforcement agency is required to obtain a search warrant for they can engage in search and seizure.