Manager and Leader


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Manager and Leader. There is a thin line between a manager and a leader in definition, but a major differences manifests in the functionality of the two offices. Management roles are clearly defined theoretically, but leadership roles transcend the five defined roles of management (Forsyth, 2009). Theoretically, the roles of a manager are limited to planning, organizing, leading, coordinating and controlling.

Under the four roles, the manager is supposed to take leadership functions at some point, a fact which blurs the line between leadership and management function (Waring, 2016). While leadership is defined as one of the role of management, a leader plays many roles in other than just management roles (Howell, 2012). Can a person play the role of a manager and a leader at the same time? This is an enduring question in leadership and management literature. To understanding this better, let us look at the differences their functionality. Manager and Leader.

Considering the historical nature and nurture theory of leadership, a good insight about the differences between a leader and a manager is evident. The opposing viewpoints of this theory on the one hand states that leaders are born with leadership qualities, and on the other hand, leadership qualities are learned (Aamodt, 2010). According to trait theory of leadership, successful leaders shows some natural traits like achievement drive, motivation skills, honesty and integrity, self-confidence, cognitive ability, emotional maturity, charisma, creativity, and others. Manager and Leader.

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In summary, although there is a major similarity between a leader and a manager in that they seek to make people achieve for the organisation, there are major differences. From my experience interacting with both our CEO and manager, I find the CEO more of a leader than a manager.  The CEO always communicate the vision for the organisation, creates close relationship by sharing the vision, motivates us, seeks employee development, the line manager on the other hand is stickler to policy and processes.

The manager is only interested in getting the work done according to the goals he has set. From time to time, the CEO will change his leadership style to suit the prevailing circumstances but the manager has never change his management style.  From the psychometric tests I have taken, I find myself more of a leader than a manager and this confirms what I have observed in my interaction with others at the workplace. Manager and Leader.

References

Aamodt, M. G. (2010). I/O applications workbook: Industrial/organizational psychology an applied approach. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Arrunda, W. (2016). 9 differences between being a leader and a manager. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/williamarruda/2016/11/15/9-differences-between-being-a-leader-and-a-manager/#237cb1fe4609

Forsyth, D.R. (2009). Group dynamics (5th ed.). Pacific Grove, California: Brooks/Cole.

Howell, J.P. (2012). Snapshots of Great Leadership. London, GBR: Taylor and Francis.

Kassin, S. (2003). Psychology. USA: Prentice-Hall. Manager and Leader.

Lunenburg, F. (2011). Leadership versus management: a key distinction—at least in theory. International Journal of Management, Business and Administration, 14(1), pp. 1-4.

Mullins, L.J. & Christy, G. (2016).  Management and organisational behaviour.  11th Edition. Pearson Education.

Rhydderch, M., Elwyn, G., Marshall, M. & Grol, R. (2004). Organisational change theory and the use of indicators in general practice. BMJ, 13(3), 213-217.

Waring, S.P. (2016). Taylorism transformed: Scientific management theory since 1945. UNC Press Books.