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Introduction – Youth Homelessness in Australia
There is increased interest in the issue of homelessness in Australia. Nonetheless, there is a considerate debate on the precise definition of the issue and how people should be officially recognized as homelessness. The most effective definition was used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in the 2001 census which termed homelessness as a relative concept in reference to how society understands minimum accommodation which each individual should have with exceptions with a few people in institutions such as prisons, student colleges and nursing homes (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2012). Youth Homelessness in Australia.
Therefore, the minimum accommodation includes the minimum living arrangements whereby individuals have the sufficient facilities to have a daily living whereby their safety and physical health are not compromised. Homelessness is a critical issue in Australia whereby it is estimated that 25% of the homeless people are aged between 12-24 years. About 44% of the homeless people in Australia are female and family breakdown is the most commonly cited reason for homelessness (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2012). Youth Homelessness in Australia.
Homelessness is an issue that is facing Australia and requires sustainable solutions. However, to offer these solutions it is imperative to understand environmental factors that contribute to homelessness among the young people in Australia. Politics and government are key factors because they make young people rely on them due to lack of employment opportunities. Young people who are homeless do not have good contact with their families and they are considered as immoral because they are perceived to engage in unethical behaviours in order to survive. From a cultural perspective, people experiencing homelessness are individualistic and have individualized identities which make them blame themselves for their situations and rely on institutions for survival. Youth Homelessness in Australia.
List of References
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2012) Information Paper: A Statistical Definition of Homelessness. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics
Barker, J. (2014) ‘Alone Together: The Strategies of Autonomy and Relatedness in the Lives of Homeless Youth.’ Journal of Youth Studies, 17(6): 763–77
Bradley-Engen, M.S. (2011) ‘Stigma and the Deviant Identity.’ pp. 190–4 in Bryant C.D. (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Deviant Behaviour. London: Routledge.
Farrugia, D. & Gerrard, J. (2013) ‘New Directions in Understanding Homelessness.’ Parity, 26(10): 4-7
Farrugia, D. (2010) ‘The Symbolic Burden of Homelessness: Towards a Theory of Youth Homelessness as Embodied Subjectivity.’ Journal of Sociology, 47(1): 71–87
Farrugia, D. (2011) ‘Youth homelessness and individualized subjectivity.’ Journal of Youth Studies, 14(7): 761-775
Gerrard, J. & Farrugia, D. (2014) ‘The “Lamentable Sight” of Homelessness and the Society of the Spectacle.’ Urban Studies, 52(12): 2219–33
Hill, J. L. (2014) ‘Hanging out in the concrete jungle: Exploring the culture of youth homelessness in Melbourne.’ Doctoral thesis, Australian Catholic University, 5-160. Youth Homelessness in Australia.
Natalier, K. & Johnson, G. (2012) ‘Housing Pathways of Young People who have left Out-of-home State Care.’ Housing, Theory and Society, 29(1): 75–91
Shier, M.L., Jones, M.E. & Graham, J.R. (2011) ‘Social Communities and Homelessness: A Broader Concept Analysis of Social Relationships and Homelessness.’ Journal of Human Behaviour and Social Environment, 21(5): 455–74
Watson, J. & Cuervo, H. (2017) ‘Youth homelessness: A social justice approach.’ Journal of Sociology, 53(2): 23-30
Watson, J. (2016) ‘Gender-based Violence and Young Homeless Women: Femininity, Embodiment and Vicarious Physical Capital.’ Sociological Review, 64(2): 256–73. Youth Homelessness in Australia.