Right To The City

Right To The City. Currently, cities are in a state of instability whereby they exhibit complex dynamics at the centre of sustainability challenges such as urbanization and climate change. Cities have been widely regarded as the agents of change. However, achieving socially- inclusive cities face some major challenges. Over 3 billion people migrate to urban cities weekly in the whole world. Due to globalization and technological development, this migration has improved from rural- urban to between cities in the world. This new form of urbanization has resulted to emerging of megacities such as Beijing, Hong Kong, Manila, New Delhi, and Mumbai among others. Right To The City.

Pay to Unlock the Answer!

In urban cities in countries such as India and China, urban development and growth is a challenge because majority of the people are poor who cannot afford quality social amenities such as quality water and electricity among others. Therefore, these people cannot advocate for equality especially when focusing on social inclusiveness. For instance, in India the Indians would not feel that they are treated equally with Americans or Europeans living in lavish homes while they themselves are living in slums. The international bodies such as the UN- HABITAT and the United Nations have given directions and guidelines on what should be done to ensure that poverty is reduced in urban areas especially by improving the economic practices of all people. Right To The City.  


Herrle, P. & Walther, U. (2005). Socially inclusive cities: Emerging concepts and practice. New York: LIT

Khosla, R. (2016). Levelling up: The challenge of creating inclusive cities. ORF occasional paper 94. Delhi: Observer Research Foundation.

Shin, H. (2013). The right to the city and critical reflections on China’s property rights activism. Antipode: A Radical Journal of Geography, 45 (5): 1167-1189

Srivastava, A. (2017). Segregated data of urban poor for inclusive urban planning in India: Needs and challenges. Sage Open Journal, 1(2): 1-12. Right To The City.