The Effects of Social Factors on a Person’s Health in the US Society


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The Effects of Social Factors on a Person’s Health in the US Society. Social factors like gender, race, social class and age among others play a much more significant role in determining a person’s health. According to Cockerman (5), research studies conducted in the United States has shown many health disparities between different racial groups. In the health research context, race is used as a concept to group the population according to various factors such as ancestry, visible phenotype, social identity, and genetic makeup (Barr 4).  Belonging to a particular race in the US can predispose a person to health risk factors such as poverty, lack of proper education, poor living conditions in terms of indecent housing and sanitation, improper access to health care, among others. The Effects of Social Factors on a Person’s Health in the US Society. 

For instance, at birth the life expectancy of African American is persistently 5-7 years lower than that of the European Americans. A 2001 study conducted in the US population also found that large racial disparities exist in healthy life expectancy at lower education and income levels (Barr 96). The Effects of Social Factors on a Person’s Health in the US Society.

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The Effects of Social Factors on a Person’s Health in the US Society

Research has shown that the upper-middle-class Americans stay longer and in a better health than the middle-class Americans, who enjoy longer and better lives than those at the bottom class. The lower social class prevalence to ill health is attributed to poor housing conditions, inadequate health resources and provision of education, poverty, as well as higher risk occupations (‘white collar’ versus ‘blue collar’). Issues of nutrition, amount of leisure time, access to medical care, physical exertion, stress levels, and personal safety at work are closely related to health (Cockerman 120). The Effects of Social Factors on a Person’s Health in the US Society.

In conclusion, social factors are closely related to health issues. Among the American population there are a lot of disparities in health among the different genders, race affiliations, and social class, among others. The disadvantaged groups have a higher prevalence to diseases and illnesses. The Effects of Social Factors on a Person’s Health in the US Society.

Works cited

Barr, Donald. Health Disparities in the United States: Social Class, Race, Ethnicity, and Health. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 2008.

Cockerman, William. Social Causes of Health and Disease. New York: Polity Press, 2007.