1.0 INTRODUCTION – Renewable Energy Development And Its Positive Impact On World Energy
One of the most important aspects of human civilization has been the development of different forms of energy. Traditionally, human survival was pegged on natural energy for survival but with increasing energy needs, development of other forms of energies became a necessity (Tennakoon 2008). Today, more than any point in history, human civilization is able to meet its energy needs from different sources (Bugaje 2004). The two broad categorizations of the sources of energy include renewable and non-renewable energy sources. Renewable Energy Development And Its Positive Impact On World Energy.
Non-renewable energy includes energy that is generated from sources that are available in limited quantity in nature. It is estimated that these sources will vanish in less than a century, which means reliance on non-renewable energy may plunge the world into an energy crisis in the near future (Tennakoon 2008; Thapa 2010). These sources of energy like coal, natural gas, crude oil, and others cannot be re-generated within a short span of time. Renewable Energy Development And Its Positive Impact On World Energy.
The major environmental issues we are witnessing today in the world are attributed to generation of energy from non-renewable sources because they lead to emission of green-house gases (REN21 2010; Bugaje 2004; Thapa 2010). On the other hand, renewable energy includes energy that is generated from sources that are abundant in nature. These include sources like sun, wind, rain, tides, and others that can generate energy again and again without getting exhausted. In addition, energy generated from these sources is clean, sustainable, and does not pollute the environment. As a way to combat the growing climate change, policy makers have emphasized the need to shift generation of energy to renewable sources (Tennakoon 2008). Renewable Energy Development And Its Positive Impact On World Energy.
There is enough evidence from literature that points to the advantage of shifting to the development of renewable sources of energy. The debate for development of renewable energy is based on social, economical, as well as the environmental causes (Tennakoon 2008). Socially, the world has become over-reliant on non-renewable energy like fossil fuel. According to Gupta (2003) the historical variation in prices of non-renewable energy sources like fossil fuel has lead to sufferings to millions of people. Renewable Energy Development And Its Positive Impact On World Energy.
Conducting a study on renewable energy development and its positive impact on the world energy has helped me gain more knowledge, skills and information on how to conduct a secondary research and the global supply of renewable energies and how this impact the global energy supply. I had a chance of exercising what I learned in class by selecting the right research methodologies such as research design, philosophy, approach, strategy and data collection methods that were appropriate for the study.
Though secondary researches are not common in the field of scientific study as many scholars and researchers want to use primary research, I have learned how to effectively select the best sources to gather the required information. The literature review is a critical section in a research and it guides the data collection part. By conducting this study I gained skills on how to relate the study findings with the information provided in the literature review to see whether there is any similarity or difference.
However, conducting the study was without limitations. Though this was a secondary research that does not require collecting information from the field, it was very challenging to select the best sources with information about renewable energies and their impact on the global energy supply. This is because though several researchers have contributed in the field of renewable energies, little is researched on the global energy supply and the percentage contributed by renewable energies. Additionally, selecting the most appropriate research design was challenging since qualitative method is not only used in describing the narratives given but also in comparing information graphically. This was not the case in this study where contributions from other authors were analyzed using the research objectives.
List of References
Adegbululgbe, A., Fenhann, J., Konstantinaviciute, I., Moomaw, W., Nimir, H., Schlamadinger, B., Torres-Martinez, J., Turner, C., Uchiyama, Y., Vuori, S., Wamukonya, N. & Zhang, X. (2007) Energy supply. In Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. London: Cambridge University Press 253-320
Beck, F. & Martinot, E. (2004) Renewable Energy Policies and Barriers. Encyclopedia of Energy.
Bentley, R., Miller, R., Wheeler, S. & Boyle, G. (2009) Comparison of Global Oil Supply Forecasts Review of Evidence on Global Oil Depletion: Technical Report. London: UK Energy Research Centre
Blakers, A., Devine-Wright, P., Gazzoni, D., Hestnes, A., Kituyi, E., Kretzshmar, J., Luther, J., Manwell, J., Mukunda, H., Rolz, C., Skea, J., Volkov, E., Zhifeng, W. & Yamaguchi, M. (2009) ‘Research and development on renewable energies: A global report on photovoltaic and wind energy.’ International Science Panel on Renewable Energies, 4-40
Bovey, Y. (2008) ‘The Role of Decentralized Renewable Energy Technologies in Adaptation to Climate Change in Developing Countries.’ The South Centre Global Governance Programme for Development (GGDP), Geneva
Bugaje, I.M. (2004) Renewable energy for sustainable development in Africa: a review. Zaria, Nigeria: Ahmadu Bello University
Chao, B. & Chuang-Lin, F. (2013) ‘Geographical and environmental perspectives for the sustainable development of renewable energy in urbanizing China.’ Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 27: 464-474
Cherian, A. (2009) ‘Bridging the Divide between Poverty Reduction and Climate Change Through Sustainable and Innovative Energy Technologies.’ Expert Paper (UNDP), December 2009
Collis, J. & Hussey, R. (2003) Business research: a practical guide for undergraduate and postgraduate students. (2nd, Ed). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Creswell, J. (2007) Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Curwin, J. & Slater, R. (2002) Quantitative methods for business decision. 5th ed. London: Thomson Learning
Gupta, C.L. (2003) Role of renewable energy technologies in generating sustainable livelihoods, Solar Energy Unit. Sri Aurobindo Ashram, Pondicherry
Hadian, S. & Madani, K. (2013) ‘The water demand of energy: Implications for sustainable energy policy development.’ Sustainability, 5: 4674-4687
Huang, S., Lo, S. & Lin, Y. (2013) ‘To re-explore the causality between barriers to renewable energy development: A case study of wind energy.’ Energies, 6: 4465-4488
International Energy Agency. (2012) ‘World Energy Outlook 2012.’ Renewable Energy Outlook, 211-253
Lamers, P. (2012) ‘Developments in International Solid Biofuel Trade – An Analysis of Volumes, Policies, and Market Factors.’ Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16: 3176-3199.
Laurencas, R., Arturas, K., Martynas, S., Jonas, S. & Zilvinas, B. (2014) ‘Biofuels, sustainability and the transport sector in Lithuania.’ Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 32: 328-346
Lunenfeld, P. & Laurel, B. (2003) Design Research: Methods and Perspectives. London: The MIT Press.
Omer, A. (2009) ‘Energy use and environmental impacts: A general review.’ Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 1: 1-30
REN21 (2010) Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century, Renewable 2010: Global Status Report. Washington DC: Worldwatch Institute
Rosa, P. & Ribeiro, S. (1998) ‘Avoiding Emissions of Carbon Dioxide through the Use of Fuels Derived from Sugar Cane.’ Ambio, 27(6): 465-470.
Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2009) Research methods for business students 5th Edition. Essex-England: Pearson Education Limited.
Sekaran, U. (2005) Research methods for business: A skill-building approach (4th Ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Sorrell, S., Miller, R., Bentley, R. & Speirs, J. (2010) ‘Oil futures: A comparison of global supply forecasts.’ Energy Policy, 38: 4990–5003
Tennakoon, D. (2008) ‘Energy Poverty: Estimating the Level of Energy Poverty in Sri Lanka’. Practical Action Report, United Kingdom
Thapa, P. (2010) ‘Training of Self Help Groups on Wool Transformation using Renewable Energy.’ BORDA Research Paper, 15th April 2010
Thomas, R. M. (2003) Blending Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods in Theses and Dissertation. California: Corwin Press, INC.
U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2013) International energy outlook 2013. Washington D.C.: Department of Energy
UNEP (2007) United Nations Energy Programme: Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development, Reaching the Millennium Development Goals and Beyond: Access to modern forms of energy as a prerequisite. New York: Sage
WEC (World Energy Council). (2010) 2010 Survey of Energy Resources. London:World Energy Council
Weddige, S., Tim, U., Liliana, G. & Patrick, L. (2013) ‘Global biomass potentials under sustainability restrictions defined by the European renewable energy directive 2009/28/EC.’ GCB Bioenergy, 5(6): 652-663
World Energy Council. (2013) ‘World Energy Resources.’ 2013 Survey, 5-300