Literature Review


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Sanjay, S., Meddings, J., Calfee, D., Kowalski, C., & Krein, S. (2009). Catheter- associated urinary tract infection and the medicare rule changes. Annals of Internal Medicine, 150(2), 877-884

This article describes catheter-related urinary infection as a frequent healthcare related infection in the United States. However, the authors of this article indicate that the incidences of central catheter infection are preventable in hospitals. The article uses statistics to describe the magnitude of the problem. For instance, in page 877 the article indicates that one in every five patients admitted to an acute care hospital uses urinary catheter. Literature Review.

Additionally, the article asserts that each of catheter use is related to about 5% increase in bacteriuria. According to this article, catheter- related urinary track infection is costly bur reasonably preventable as it costs about $2800. The information provided in this article support the proposed change that appropriate and timely antibiotic therapy reduces incidences of central catheter infection as compared to normal cleaning during hospital stay.

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This article describes catheter related urinary track infections as very common in the intensive care units. These infections are explained in this article as potentially lethal because of their high rates of mortality and morbidity. This article uses statistics to explain the magnitude of the problem where patients who had stayed in the hospital for a period of two years were studied. The article indicates that the catheter related urinary track infections have 25% to 50% mortality rates. This information supports the proposed change that timely and appropriate antibiotics help in reduction of catheter related infections among elderly patients with end stage renal disease. Literature Review.

Stephan, F., Sax, H., Wachsmuth, M., Hoffmeyer, P., Clergue, F. & Pittet, D. (2006). Reduction of urinary tract infection and antibiotic use after surgery: a controlled, prospective, before-after intervention study. Clinical Infections Disease, 42(11), 1544–51

This article describes catheter related urinary track infections as the most frequent health care complication among the elderly population in the intensive care unit. This study indicates that this health care problem would decrease in the incidence of surgery. The authors used statistics in demonstrating the gravity of the problem where 1328 adult patients were examined. The information provided does not directly relate to the proposed change as it mainly involve the element of surgery. Literature Review.

References

Abad, C. & Safdar, N. (2011). Catheter-related bloodstream infectious. Infectious Disease, 84-95

Beveridge, L., Davey, P., Phillips, G., & McMurdo, M. (2011). Optimal management of urinary tract infections in older people. Clinical Intervention in Aging, 6, 173-180

Goetz, A., Kedzuf, S., Wagener, M., Muder, R. (1999). Feedback to nursing staff as an intervention to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections. American Journal of Infection Control, 27(5), 402–4. Literature Review.

Huang, W., Wann, S., Lin, S., Kunin, C., Lin, C., Hsu, C., Liu, C., Lee, S., Liu, Y., Lai, K., & Lin, T. (2004). Catheter-associated urinary tract infections in intensive care units can be reduced by prompting physicians to remove unnecessary catheters. Infection Control Hospital Epidemiology, 25(11), 974–8

Johansen, T., Cek, M., Naber, K., Stratchounski, L., Svendsen, M., & Tenke, P. (2007). Prevalence of hospital acquired urinary tract infections in urology departments. European Urology, 51, 1100–12

Kalra, P. & Raizada, A. (2009). Approach to a Patient with Urosepsis. Journal of Global Infectious Disease, 1(1), 57-63

Lo, E., Nicolle, L., Classen, D.Arias, K., Podgorny, K., Anderson, D., Burstin, H., & Calfee, D. (2008). Strategies to Prevent Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections in Acute Care Hospitals. Infections Control Hospital Epidemiology, 29(1), S41–S50. Literature Review

Najar, M., Saldanha, C., & Banday, K. (2009). Approach to urinary track infections. Indian Journal of Nephrology, 19(4), 129-139

Pronovost, P., Needham, D., Berenholtz, S., Sinopoli, D., Chu, H., Cosgrove, S., Sexton, B., Hyzy, R., Welsh, R., Roth, G., Bander, J., Kepros, J., & Goeschel, C.  (2006). An intervention to decrease catheter-related bloodstream infections in the ICU. New England Journal of Medicine, 355(26), 2725–32

 Rosser, C., Bare, R., & Meredith, W. (1999). Urinary tract infections in the critically ill patient with a urinary catheter. American Journal of Surgery, 177, 287–90

Saint, S., Kowalski, C., Kaufman, S., Hofer, T., Kauffman, C., Olmsted, R., Forman, J., Banaszak-Holl, J., Damschroder, L. & Krein, S. (2008). Preventing hospital-acquired urinary tract infection in the United States: a national study. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 46(2), 243–50

Sanjay, S., Meddings, J., Calfee, D., Kowalski, C., & Krein, S. (2009). Catheter- associated urinary tract infection and the medicare rule changes. Annals of Internal Medicine, 150(2), 877-884. Literature Review.

Saxena, A. & Panbotra, B. (2005). Haemodialysis catheter-related bloodstream infections: Current treatment options and strategies for prevention. Swiss Medical Weekly, 135, 127-138

Stephan, F., Sax, H., Wachsmuth, M., Hoffmeyer, P., Clergue, F. & Pittet, D. (2006). Reduction of urinary tract infection and antibiotic use after surgery: a controlled, prospective, before-after intervention study. Clinical Infections Disease, 42(11), 1544–51

Yokoe, D., Mermel, L., Anderson, D., Arias, K., Burstin, H., Calfee, D., Coffin, S., Dubberke, E., Fraser, V., Gerding, D., Griffin, F., Gross, P., Kaye, K., Klopmpas, M., Lo, E., Marschall, J., Nicolle, L., Pegues, D., Perl, T., Podgony, K., Saint, S., Salgado, C., Weinstein, R., Wise, R., & Classen, D. (2008). A Compendium of Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections in Acute Care Hospitals. Infections Control Hospital Epidemiology, 29(1), S12–S21. Literature Review