Indonesian Pilgrims Experience On Hajj And Umrah

Strategies to enhance tourist experience: Service Dominant Logic and Co-creation

Indonesian Pilgrims Experience On Hajj And Umrah. In the context of travel and tourism, a fundamental concept is constituted by the aspect of experiences. Two major elements determine tourism experiences; technology use and co-creation. Currently, the tourism and travel industries are increasingly using the modern technology in luring more customers (Crouch & Desforges 2003, p. 179). As indicated earlier in the introduction chapter, inadequate research is conducted on strategies to improve the tourism experience thus this section aims at discussing the importance of technology use and co-creation in the creation of improved tourism experiences. Indonesian Pilgrims Experience On Hajj And Umrah.

Basically, tourists are faced with three kinds of experiences; pre-departure experience, during travel experience, and post travel experience. Addis and Holbrook (2001, p. 50) in their study on “the conceptual link between mass customisation and experiential consumption” asserted that people are motivated to travel to a certain destination through commercial advertisement, seeing pictures, watching movies and through the word of mouth. This motivation makes tourists forego all other activities and make a point of visiting a certain site. The most interesting site that is more motivating and encouraging is picked as the destination (Gretzel, Fesenmaier & O’Leary 2006, p. 10). Indonesian Pilgrims Experience On Hajj And Umrah.

Despite that travel and tourism is heavily influenced by resources like finances on the side of the tourist, there are other aspects that encourage tourists to travel to a certain destination. These factors were explained by Andersson (2007, p. 27) as during travel experience and include situational, individual, personality related, and environmental factors. The level of comfort experienced by travelers encourages them to re-visit the site in future or recommend the site to their friends. Indonesian Pilgrims Experience On Hajj And Umrah.

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Tourism companies in Saudi Arabia should have the responsibility of adding value to the religious sites through managing them effectively to enable them offer quality educational and recreational services. The government of the country should tightly guard the sites from physical damages as they offer more satisfactions to the Muslims performing religious rituals at their natural form. Information about the site and about the components of the site should be well managed and distributed to the tourists visiting the site to enable them clearly understand the meaning of their rituals. These tourists would be motivated if they understand the reasons for the rituals and the procedures for conducting them.  

6.2.5 To analyze data and compare findings with the existing literature about the latest Hajj and Umrah pilgrims experience


The literature review has critically discussed the pilgrims’ experiences when they visit the holy city for Hajj and Umrah. The researcher has linked this information with the responses given in this study by the respondents. By linking this information, the researcher has indicated that the interviewed Indonesian pilgrims who had previously performed Hajj and Umrah had different experiences depending on their perceptions of the exercise. The literature review indicates that pilgrims’ tourist experiences are shaped by their personality related factors like memory, emotions and perceptions among others.

In the discussion chapter, the researcher has shown a connection between the literature review and the findings of the study. However, this study was limited to the responses of eight interviewees indicating that there was no much diversity. This was a very small sample size thus some relevant information may be omitted. Basically, a large sample size offers adequate information as different respondents have different views about the topic of the study. Additionally, the researcher has been able to achieve all the research objectives and offer conclusions and recommendations for future studies.


In future the researcher should use a larger sample size in order to gather a wide range of information. Additionally, the researcher should use comparison tables in the discussion chapter to compare and contrast the information provided in the literature review with the study findings. By doing this, the reader would be able to identify the differences and similarities of the two set of information. Discussion of the findings by linking them with the literature review should be very critical rather than just analytical.    

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