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Part 1 – Enlightenment Moral Theories
According to John Stuart, the ability of an action to yield maximum happiness to the overall society is considered to be ethically acceptable. Stuart’s ideas seem to be largely embedded on utilitarianism which emphasized on moral worth of an action (Rosen 7). Particularly, this philosopher argued that, individuals need to consider the consequential outcome of an action to the entire society before they engage in performing it.
In this case, the rule of utilitarianism stipulates that if an action is morally justifiable, it is considered to be having the capacity to bring happiness to the society at large. Quite importantly, utilitarianism considers mental superiority as the basic part of social interactions, with less regard on individual’s pleasure. Precisely, humans are entrusted with the role of thinking critically on the outcomes of any act and its effects to the entire society, but not consider their own pleasures only.
In this regard, I have found all the insights gained in this debate more helpful in my life. Considering the ideas developed by Stuart in his moral theory of utilitarianism, I have realized how important prior consideration of the consequences associated with my actions is important for the welfare of the people I interact with. Since Nietzsche’s moral theory of naturalism is self-centered, I think it is not effective for me to adopt it as part of my social interactions since it will interfere with happiness of the society (Rosen 2). In this regard, the information gained in this debate will form a fundamental basis for my future researches on morality and social interactions. Enlightenment Moral Theories.
Leiter, Brian. Nietzsche on Morality. New York: Routledge, 2002. Print. Rosen, Frederick. Classical Utilitarianism from Hume to Mill. London: Routledge, 2003. Print. Enlightenment Moral Theories.