Water Quality Issues


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Introduction – Water Quality Issues

The failure of provision of clean and quality water for drinking is considered as the greatest development failure in the 20th century. The most notable consequence of this failure is high mortality rate among children from diseases that are rather preventable. If the increasing unmet basic need for water will not be addressed, more than 135 million people will lose their lives from these diseases by the year 2020 (Gleick, 2002). This shows that something has to be done in order to ensure that populations are safe from water related diseases. Water Quality Issues.

There are two aspects that are associated with water in as far as public health is concerned. In this case, water may be inadequate to provide people with the correct amount of water in their bodies and as a result there are some diseases that may arise. Secondly, water may be adequate but due to the increased developments and industrialization in the whole world, it may be contaminated (Wolff & Gleick, 2002). Lack of adequate clean water resources globally as well as sanitation services have been noted as one of the most serious public health that is faced by large numbers of people in the whole word. Water Quality Issues.

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From the information on Mali water resources it can be deduced that the country does not suffer from water scarcity but it is clear that its populations do not have ready access of clean and quality water as most of the country’s waters are contaminated. This has resulted in many children dying of consumption of contaminated waters. Water Quality Issues.

Conclusion

In summary, it is clear that water is a very imperative resource that is playing a critical role in ensuring development in a country. This is because the failure of providing populations with clean and quality water is a very serious failure of development. The reason as to why developing countries are suffering from water scarcity and quality water for drinking is because a lot of their waters are used in industries and there are no adequate technologies for purifying the contaminated water.

References

Biswas, A. (2006). Water Quality Management in the Americas. Sudbury: Wiley

Gleick, P. (2002). Dirty Water: Estimated Deaths from Water Related Diseases 2000-2020. London: Prentice Hall

Markandya, A. (2004). Water Quality Issues in Developing Countries. New York: Wiley

Park, C. (2001). The Environment: Principles and Applications. Victoria: Open Press

Wolff, G. & Gleick, P. (2002). A Soft Path for Water: In The World’s Water 2002-2003. Washington D.C.: Island Press.

Xu, Y. & Usher, B. (2006). Groundwater Pollution in Africa. New Jersey: Sage