Reintegration of Offenders to the Society . After the completion of the rehabilitation process and the expiry of prison term, the correction service providers and the community at large are tasked with the onerous task of reintegration of the rehabilitated criminals to the society. This is not always a successful process as some offenders repeat the same offence or commit even worse crimes. If the high rate of recidivism is anything to go by, there is need for re-evaluation of the rehabilitation process. This essay re-evaluates the success of reintegration of rehabilitated criminals back to the society.
Offenders being released back to the society are faced by a number of challenges. Some of these challenges are society rejection and the social stigma associated with it. When offenders are not successfully reintegrated to the society there is high rate that they will be re-arrested and accused with similar crime or worse crimes. A comprehensive rehabilitation process, therefore, should contain measures that will prevent recidivism and break the cycle of failed adaptation by repeat offenders.
Braithwaite, J. (2000). Shame and criminal justice. Canadian Journal of Criminology, Vol. 42(3), pp. 281–298
Braithwaite, J., & Mugford, S. (1994). Conditions of successful reintegration ceremonies. British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 34(2), pp. 139–171
Daly, K. (2002). Restorative justice: The real story. Punishment and Society, Vol. 4(1), pp. 55–79. Reintegration of Offenders to the Society .
Griffiths, C.T (2007). The Social Reintegration of offenders and crime prevention. Public Safety Canada, Vol. 1(2), pp. 1-16
Maruna, S. & Immarigeon, R. (2005).After Crime and Punishment: Pathways to Offender Reintegration. Br J Criminol,Vol. Vol. 47(5), pp. 844-846
Presser, L., & Gaarder, E. (2000). Can restorative justice reduce battering? Some preliminary considerations. Social Justice, Vol. 27(1), pp. 175–195
Wacquant, L. (2001). Deadly symbiosis: When prison and ghetto meet and mesh. Punishment and Society, Vol. 3, pp. 95-134. Reintegration of Offenders to the Society
Watts, R. (1996). John Braithwaite and “Crime, Shame and Reintegration”: Some reflections on theory and criminology. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, Vol. 29(2), pp. 121–141