Reintegration of Offenders to the Society


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Reintegration of Offenders to the Society . After the completion of the rehabilitation process and the expiry of prison term, the correction service providers and the community at large are tasked with the onerous task of reintegration of the rehabilitated criminals to the society. This is not always a successful process as some offenders repeat the same offence or commit even worse crimes. If the high rate of recidivism is anything to go by, there is need for re-evaluation of the rehabilitation process. This essay re-evaluates the success of reintegration of rehabilitated criminals back to the society.

Offenders being released back to the society are faced by a number of challenges. Some of these challenges are society rejection and the social stigma associated with it. When offenders are not successfully reintegrated to the society there is high rate that they will be re-arrested and accused with similar crime or worse crimes.  A comprehensive rehabilitation process, therefore, should contain measures that will prevent recidivism and break the cycle of failed adaptation by repeat offenders.

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The Canadian justice system has put in place many programs to facilitate the transition process, both pre-release and after release programs, but the outcome of these programs has not been very successful. The main challenge has been overcoming social rejection and stigmatization. There is also a problem in fully funding support programs and providing employment opportunities in era of high rate of unemployment. Central to the reintegration process is recognizing the community’s role and utilizing it to the overall transition process.

References 

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http://www.anu.edu.au/fellows/jbraithwaite/_documents/Articles/Shame_Criminal_2000.pdf

Braithwaite, J., & Mugford, S. (1994). Conditions of successful reintegration ceremonies. British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 34(2), pp. 139–171

https://www.anu.edu.au/fellows/…/Conditions_Successful_1994.pdf

Daly, K. (2002). Restorative justice: The real story. Punishment and Society, Vol. 4(1), pp. 55–79. Reintegration of Offenders to the Society .

https://www.anu.edu.au/fellows/jbraithwaite/_documents/Articles/Conditions_Successful_1994.pdf

Griffiths, C.T (2007). The Social Reintegration of offenders and crime prevention. Public Safety Canada, Vol. 1(2), pp. 1-16

http://www.griffith.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/50321/kdpaper12.pdf

Maruna, S. & Immarigeon, R. (2005).After Crime and Punishment: Pathways to Offender Reintegration. Br J Criminol,Vol. Vol. 47(5), pp.  844-846

http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/res/cp/res/soc-reint-eng.aspx

Presser, L., & Gaarder, E. (2000). Can restorative justice reduce battering? Some preliminary considerations. Social Justice, Vol. 27(1), pp. 175–195

http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/29767197?uid=3738336&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=55934401133

Wacquant, L. (2001). Deadly symbiosis: When prison and ghetto meet and mesh. Punishment and Society, Vol. 3, pp. 95-134. Reintegration of Offenders to the Society

http://www.deepdyve.com/lp/sage/deadly-symbiosis-when-ghetto-and-prison-meet-and-mesh-X8PhUmHXSO

Watts, R. (1996). John Braithwaite and “Crime, Shame and Reintegration”: Some reflections on theory and criminology. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, Vol. 29(2), pp. 121–141

http://marisluste.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/crime-same-and-reintegration.pdf