Marx and Engels


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Karl Marx (1818–1883) and his co-author, Freidrich Engels (1820–1895) are vividly remembered for writing one of the most influential political manuscripts – The Communist Manifesto which was published in February 21, 1848. The communist manifesto was an attempt to explain the principles of communism and the tenets supporting this movement. It argues that class struggles, or exploitation of one class by another, are the motivating force behind all historical development. Marx and Engels begin their writing with a clear statement that the “history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggle”.[1]  The relationships between classes are defined by an era of means of production. In the long run, these relationships are challenged by the emerging forces of production. This is the point that a revolution occurs and a new class is installed as the ruling class.

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Some of these were the concept of the Das Kapital and the history of materialism. The idea of capitalist exploiting the working class lid the foundation for the labor theory of value that contend that the value of a good or a service depends on the amount of labor put into it.

The class struggle, according to Marx does not continue forever. In the end, the proletariat will overthrow the bourgeoisies and form a majority rule. When this one happen, there will be no class struggle since there will be no need of control of power and the divisive competition for wealth.

Bibliography

Marx ,Karl & Engels,Friedrich (2009) The Communist Manifesto. New York: Echo library.

Vann, Diane, (2012) How the Communist Manifesto of 1848 Blueprints the Actions of the Democratic Party and President Obama Today. New York: AuthorHouse.

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[1] Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels (2009) The Communist Manifesto. (New York: Echo library) 5

[2] ibid

[3] Diane, Vann. (2012) How the Communist Manifesto of 1848 Blueprints the Actions of the Democratic Party and President Obama Today. (New York: AuthorHouse) 20

[4] Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels (2009) The Communist Manifesto. (New York: Echo library) 47