John Locke (1632-1704) is one of the most influential political philosophers of the modern time. His political philosophy has laid the foundation for major political thought. Subsequent philosophers such as Voltaire, Rousseau and many other Scottish thinkers have in one way or another been influenced by his writing. John Locke- Second Treatise. In modern time his political philosophy is remembered for it influence to American revolutionaries. In his political works ‘”A Letter Concerning Toleration” (1689) and “The Second Treatise on Civil Government” (1690), Locke created what would become the philosophical source for the founding principles of the United States.
His contribution thought on liberal theory and classical republicanism are well captured in the American declaration of independence. John Locke- Second Treatise.
In contrast to the Hobbes state of nature, Locke’s state of nature was guided by fundamental natural laws other than excessive brutality. How the state of nature graduate to modern state is through consent. The formal state was charged with protection of individual rights to life, property and liberty. John Locke- Second Treatise. Acquisition and protection of property, remains one of the most important elements in Locke’s political theory as exposed in the Second treatise of government. There is no doubt that the Locke’s political theory will remain an important contribution in the science of governance. Reflecting the state of nature provides the best way to understand political power.
Economic Intelligence unit. Democracy index 2010: Democracy in retreat. Web Nov. 2010 < http://graphics.eiu.com/PDF/Democracy_Index_2010_web.pdf> Feb. 21, 2012. John Locke- Second Treatise.
Holcombe, Randall. From liberty to democracy: the transformation of American government. Michigan: University of Michigan Press. 2002. Print.
Locke, John. The Second treatise of civil government. Web. July 13, 2011 < http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/l/locke/john/l81s/> Web. Feb. 21, 2012. John Locke- Second Treatise.
Macpherson, B & Cunningham Frank. The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism: Hobbes to Locke. London: Oxford university press. 2011.
Tocqueville, Alexis & Goldhammer, Arthur. Democracy in America summary. New York: Library of America. 2004. Print.
Tully, James. An approach to political philosophy: Locke in context. London: Cambridge University press. 1993. Print. John Locke- Second Treatise.