Gender inequality refers to disparity among individuals on account of their sex. Though gender inequality can exist across both genders, the inequality towards women is more pronounced compared to inequality against men. The campaign towards gender inequality has been informed by believe that women suffer from certain injustices on account of their sex. The road towards gender equality has been premised on the bases that the important aspects of life (social, political, and economical) are tilted in favor of men.
The gender inequality gap is global phenomenon and differs across all countries.
Out of 135 countries that were surveyed in 2011, China ranked position 50 in economic empowerment and opportunity and position 57 in political empowerment while the United States ranked position 6 and 39 respectively. Both of the countries still rank poorly when it comes to women empowerment (Scott and Lyonette, 2010). Since gender equality is a fundamental step towards development, there is need to fast tract policies that would see equity in all sectors in both of the countries. This would be also a way of attaining the millennium development goal which where gender quality is a key aspiration. Gender Inequality.
Hausmann, R. (2011). The global gender gap report 2011. Washington, DC: World Economic Forum.
Kendall, D. (2011). Sociology in our times: the Essentials. New York: Cengage Learning. Gender Inequality.
Scott, J. & Lyonette, C. (2010). Gender inequality in the 21st century: new barriers and continuing constraints. Boston: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Tao,J. et al. (2004). Holding up half the sky: Chinese women past, present, and future. Beijing: Feminist Press. Gender Inequality.