The period of Reconstruction

The period of reconstruction ranges between 1965 and 1977. The is the period during and after the American Civil War in which attempts were made to solve the political, social, and economic problems that occurred after the readmission to the union of the 11 Confederate states that had seceded at or before the outbreak of war. During the reconstruction, America tested what it meant to live in a mixed racial democracy (Stroud and Schomp, 2006). The reconstruction period expanded the responsibility of the central government which led to the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the constitution.The period of Reconstruction.

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The Black Code laws were disguised as neutral and fair but in effect they were supposed to “legally” return black into their pre-war status. Similarly, Jim Crow laws were passed to maintain racial differences. More or less, the name Jim Crow suggested the disguised nature of the Black Code laws. The only difference between these laws is the period in which they were acted. In content they were just the same: framed around the concept of racial differences. The period of Reconstruction.


Foner, E. (1988). Reconstruction: America’s unfinished revolution, 1863-1877. New York: Harper & Row

Nolen, C. (2005). African American Southerners in Slavery, Civil War and Reconstruction. Boston: McFarland

Stroud, B. & Schomp, V. (2006). The Reconstruction Era. New York: Marshall Cavendish