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Duty is prior to Happiness. Since the time of the ancient philosophers to the modern times, philosophers have pondered on the possibility over the existence of right ad wrong. Philosophers have dealt extensively on the matter to do with morality and ethical decision-making in their study of human conducts.
There are various theories that have been put forth to try and explain whether morality do really exist.
Duty is prior to Happiness
Overall, the most logical and rational thing we can do according to Kant’s categorical imperative in order to act correctly is to think how our actions will affect other people, and only do those things that will not interfere with others people’s liberty or right to live their own life. Thu before acting, one should pause to ask, “What would happen if everyone did this”? If the end result of our actions will not interfere with other people’s right to liberty, and it is something that every rational person put in similar situation would do, then we can proceed and do it. If the thing we intend to do is driven by subjective impulse, then we should refrain from it.
Hughes, Julie. The Role of Happiness in Kant’s Ethics. Aporia Vol.14 (1), 2004.61-12.
Irwin, Terence. The Development of Ethics: From Kant to Rawls. London: Oxford University Press. Print.
White, James. Contemporary Moral Problems. New York: Cengange Learning. Print.