Biofuels vs. Nuclear Power vs. Fossil Fuels. Fossil fuels are natural substances made deep within the earth from the remains of ancient plants and animals. The common fossils fuels are coal, oil, and natural gas. Over a hundred millions of years ago, heat and pressure turned decomposing remains into fuels, which released energy when burned. Coal is crushed to a fine dust and burnt while oil and gas can be burnt directly. The harnessed energy from these hydrocarbons can be used to produce electricity, heat homes, power vehicles, cook food and much more. They can also be used to produce other materials such as plastics (California Energy Commission 31). Biofuels vs. Nuclear Power vs. Fossil Fuels.
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