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Human Trafficking in EU
Although slavery was abolished over a century ago, its elements and characteristics have tried to rear their ugly head in the modern society in form of human trafficking. According to a UN report launched in June 29 2010, human trafficking has become one of the most lucrative illicit businesses in Europe. Human Trafficking in EU. The report goes on to ad that criminal groups make close to $ 3 billion per year through sexual exploitation and the forced labor of some 140,000 people at any given time.
Traffickers are fully aware of these conditions and they offer readily disguised solutions. Companies in the recipient countries are need of cheap labour that will enable compete effectively in these competitive time. Is the EU then adequately prepared to address all this factors? Beside the legal structure, EU needs to have an effective holistic policy addressing all the push and the pull factors. But this is a challenge because as the EU may be in a position to address the pull factors, it may not be a position to adequately address the push factors. Human Trafficking in EU.
European Union. Council of the European Union, Council of Europe Convention on Action against trafficking in Human Beings and its Explanatory Report. Council of Europe Treaty Series – No. 197, Warsaw, 16.V. 2005.
European Union: Council of the European Union, Council Framework Decision 2002/629 on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, 19 July 2002, 2002/629/JHA, available at: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/3ddcfb7b2.html [accessed 7 April 2012]
Siddharth, Kara. Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery. Columbia: Columbia University Press. 2010. Print.
The European Parliament. DIRECTIVE 2011/36/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA. Official Journal of the European Union L 101/1, 2011.
UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Trafficking in persons to Europe for sexual exploitation. Web Feb, 2009 < http://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/Trafficking_in_Persons_in_Europe_09.pdf> Web April 7, 2012.
Ventrella, Matilde. The Control of People Smuggling and Trafficking in the Eu: Experiences from the UK and Italy. London: Ashgate Publishing, ltd.
Winterdyk, John et al. Human Trafficking: Exploring the International Nature, Concerns, and Complexities. London: CRC Press. 2011. Print.