Impacts of Slave Trade on Africa

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Impacts of Slave Trade on Africa

History has it that Africa was considered as the main source of slaves in slave trade. This mainly resulted from the poor political powers in West Africa. It is clear to state that the negative and adverse impacts of the slave trade on Africa as a continent and its people are immense. These impacts can be seen on the family, personal, communal, and continental levels. Millions of able bodied young men and women were captured and transported to Europe and America where they were supposed to work hard in factories and fields in order to improve the economic conditions of the receiver countries.

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Individuals could not be allowed to live in groups as they were thought of plotting something bad for the slave traders (Obadina, 2000).

            There were a lot of intermarriages as many communities lost most of their marriageable people. This shows that communities were disrupted and many people lost their friends. Additionally, many communities moved away from the slavers’ route as possible in order to avoid being captured (Ross, 2007).  


Inikori, J. & Engerman, S. (1992). The Atlantic slave trade: effects on economies, societies, and peoples in Africa, the Americas, and Europe. New York: Duke University Press

Northrup, D. (1976). The Compatibility of the Slave and Palm Oil Trades in the Bright of Biafra. Journal of African History, Vol. 17(1), pp. 353-364

Obadina, T. (2000). Slave Trade: A Root of Contemporary African Crisis. Retrieved on Jan 24, 2012 from

Ross, W. (2007). Slavery’s Long Effects on Africa. BBC News. Retrieved on Jan 24, 2012 from

Searing, J. (1991). West African Slavery and Atlantic Commerce: The Senegal River Valley 1700-1860. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press