Task 1 – (Initial response 250 words, response to classmate 1 and 2 100 words each = 450 words)
Give an example of how the ERG theory could be used to explain your motivation to work in a job you have had. Be specific.. 250 words
Base on your response reply to classmate 1 and 2 initial posts. Your responses should be substantive and at least 100 words each. As your reply, attempt to take the conversation further by examining their claims or arguments in more depth. Keep the discussion on target and try to analyze things in as much detail as you can.
Classmate 1 (Ashia)
ERG theory is defined as the ability to identify one’s existence, relatedness, and growth needs. According to our text; Clayton Alderfer has taken Maslow’s 5 step theory and condensed it into three categories or part if you will. Which break down as the following; existence needs, which are the desires for physiological and material well-being; relatedness needs, which consist of one desires for satisfying interpersonal relationships; and lastly growth needs, which are one’s desires for continued personal growth and development (Schermerhorn, Osborn, Uhl-Bien, & Hunt, 2012). So when asked to provide an examples of how this theory could be applied to my personal motivation is my present occupation I would have to say the following:
In my current job, we have a Contract services section, contract services is the HR department for the air force medical contractors. As a member of the HR team I am motivated to when it comes to personal achievement and the achievement of others. I love being a part of a successful team and the feeling I get when we are recognized for our outstanding efforts. A lot of times we don’t see the importance of our job until medical appointments can’t be booked due to lack of contract providers. This particular motivation would be an example of relatedness as it is relative to the way in which I interact and receive praise from my superiors and co-workers.
I am extremely motivated to learn all that I can in the civilian sector when it comes to human resource management as I would one day like to achieve the level of Director of Human Resources if my goal of being a zoologist doesn’t happen. Therefore, I have begun taking the necessary steps needed to make this need a reality. This particular example is one of a need for personal/professional growth.
I am also motivated to earn a higher wage, so I know that in order for this to happen I must prove myself to my supervisors so that when to opportunity arises after I exit the Air Force, if I choose to work as a civilian in the military, my old supervisors will think of me. Therefore, my motivation to earn more money is an example of existence. Meaning I have a desire for a higher financial well-being.
Schermerhorn, J. R., Osborn, R. N., & Uhl-Bien, M. (2012). Organizational Behavior, 12th Edition International Student Version. John Wiley & Sons.
Classmate 2 (Eric)
The ERG theory is a theory created by a man named Alderfer, he proposed a simple explanation for human motivation. This theory states that all people have growth needs, relatedness needs and existence needs. growth needs involve self actualization and ones esteem. an excellent example of this would be the motivation people have to pay for and attend college. They have a drive to become something better or actualize to fuel they’re self esteem. Relatedness needs involve esteem and social aspects of life. In order to feel related to the rest of society you need to maintain at least some kind of social life, which can be improved by building ones self esteem. The last aspect of the theory is existence needs. In order to keep existence maintained and happy one would have security and psychological needs. these seems obvious but once you loose the security you’ve been accustomed to or your psychological health deteriorates ones health and happiness can plummet.
The job I will explain with the ERG theory is my current job as security. By joining the military I was fulfilling all the needs outlined by this theory. When I first joined I was fresh out of high school, stuck in a small town I wanted to grow and become something better because i had growth needs. At this time I also felt a strong urge to join the “adult society” and leave adolescence behind. This urge came from the relatedness need, by having the drive to join a new and bigger community. lastly I had to fulfill the need to achieve security, the security of being able to take care of myself in the real world. I found guidance on how to do this from leaving my home and going threw basic military training as well as a technical college. By fulfilling these needs outline in the theory I have lived a happy and healthy adult life.
Task 2 – (Initial response 250 words, response to classmate 3 and 4 100 words each = 450 words)
What are the potential advantages and disadvantages of a compressed work week? Would you want to work in a compressed work week? Why or why not? 250 words
Base on your response reply to classmate 3 and 4 initial posts. Your responses should be substantive and at least 100 words each. As your reply, attempt to take the conversation further by examining their claims or arguments in more depth. Keep the discussion on target and try to analyze things in as much detail as you can.
Classmate 3 (Michael)
A compressed work week is where an employee works for four ten hour days in a forty-hour work week (Schermerhorn, Osborn, Uhl-Bien and Hunt, 2012). There are several advantages to this type of scheduling. The most advantageous part is the extra day off for employees. In most cases the employee will get a long three-day weekend. In other cases, it could be a day off in the middle of the week, which can be helpful in getting chores done at places closed on weekends (Schermerhorn, 2012). From an employer standpoint it also has its advantages. It should cut down on absenteeism and employees needing days off for medical or family reasons (Schermerhorn, 2012). All of these chores can be accomplished on the extra day off. As with something that has advantages, there are also disadvantages. An employees can become tired and underperform from working longer hours per day. The scheduling would have to be constructed differently which could pose problems. The employee could have problems with family and personnel schedules because of longer days (Schermerhorn,2012). I feel the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. A compressed schedule would keep the employees happier and hopefully more productive knowing that they have an extra day off.
Being in the military my schedule is never the same. I sometimes work ten to twelve hour days and other times less; each week is different. When I was an instructor, the hour was straight forward, eight hours a day with weekends off. In civilian life, I would like a compressed schedule. I would have extra time with my family and more time with leisure activities. Since I now work longer days than most, a forty hour a week compressed schedule would be great.
Schermerhorn, J., Osborn, R., Uhl-Bien, M. & Hunt, J. (2012). Organizational Behavior. (12thed.).
Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley&Sons, Inc., ISBN:9780470878200.
Classmate 4 (Joshua)
A compressed workweek is any scheduling of work that allows a full-time job to be completed in fewer than the standard five days (Schermerhorn, Osborn, Uhl-Bien, & Hunt, 2012). The most common form of compressed workweek is the “4/40,” or 40 hours of work accomplished in four 10-hour days (Schermerhorn, Osborn, Uhl-Bien, & Hunt, 2012). Some of the benefits are it additional time off provides increased leisure time, three-day weekends, free weekdays to pursue personal business, and lower commuting costs (Schermerhorn, Osborn, Uhl-Bien, & Hunt, 2012). For the organization there may be less absenteeism and improved recruiting of new employees (Schermerhorn, Osborn, Uhl-Bien, & Hunt, 2012). Some of the disadvantages are that individuals can experience increased fatigue from the extended workday and have family adjustment problems (Schermerhorn, Osborn, Uhl-Bien, & Hunt, 2012). Work scheduling can be more complicated for the organization, and customers may complain because of breaks in work coverage (Schermerhorn, Osborn, Uhl-Bien, & Hunt, 2012). Union opposition to the longer workday is also a possibility, and laws requiring payment of overtime for work exceeding 8 hours of individual labor in any one day (Schermerhorn, Osborn, Uhl-Bien, & Hunt, 2012).
I would work a compressed work week because it would provide me an extra day off. Extending my hours during the other days to ensure my 40 hours are met is not a problem. In fact, I feel that it would allow me time off during the week to take care of the business during the week that I do not usually get an opportunity to take care of plus it would allow me more time with my family.