literary analysis

write a literary analysis that examines a single poem or short story that you read in from authors Ernest Hemingway,  Gertrude Stein, Theodore Roethke, Eudora Welty, John Cheever, Joyce Carol Oates, Toni Morrison, or Raymond Carver).
Support your claim(s) about the text with examples and details from the poem or story.
There are several ways to analyze a work of literature. Two of the most common are below:
1. A formal approach–which examines one (or more) of the literary elements in a work and explains how it relates to
the whole, thus contributing to a text’s overall meaning or significance. Possible elements to consider include plot,  character, theme, setting, conflict, structure, point of view, genre, style, tone, imagery, symbolism, irony,  narrator, foreshadowing, paradox, allusion, metaphor, rhythm, rhyme, etc.
2. A critical approach–which examines a work by relating it to the historical, social, cultural, or political  situations in which it was written to show how the author was influenced by personal experiences, events, prevailing  attitudes, or contemporary values.
London, Jack. “How to Build a Fire.” American Literature Since the Civil War.
Create edition. McGraw-Hill, 2011.114-124. e-Book.