Manage Export Logistics and International Freight Transfer Australia

Dangerous goods compatibility
(1) Can you transport a Class 4.2 spontaneously combustible good with a Class 5.1 oxidizing agent in a
road vehicle or freight container?
(2) Can you mix a Class 9 miscellaneous dangerous good with a class 5.2 organic peroxide shipment?
(3) What is a Dangerous Goods Class 6.2 known as?
Selecting the transport type
MRBGS Logistics have received the following orders for consignments that you have been  allocated responsibility for managing:
• A 3–tonne consignment of ball bearings from a factory in Moorebank, NSW, to a manufacturing facility
in Pusan, South Korea
• A 10-tonne consignment of beef from Lismore, NSW, to a meat wholesaler in Lyon, France
• A consignment of 20 tractors from a Sydney agricultural products manufacturing to a farming company
in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
You have been asked by each customer for advice on what type of transport they should use?
(1) Consider all factors as described in previous pages of this Learner Guide and decide which mode of  transport you would recommend using at this stage and write a rationale for your decision in the space  required in the chart below.
Consignment
Recommended Transport Type Rationale for selection
(2) Give some examples of circumstances which would influence you to send the consignment using another  type of transport?
Capacity and Capability
1. For the consignments in Activity 1, what types of criteria would you consider to make a judgement on
the capability and capacity of different carriers you are dealing with (Rail, Road, Air and Sea)?
2. What type of load (FCL or LCL,) would you use and why?
Consolidating Loads
Answer the following questions about consolidating the consignments you assessed the capability and capacity  for in Activity
1. If all of the goods were going to the same destination, would you consider consolidating the three  loads into the same container?
2. Please explain the rationale behind your response?
Getting it from A to B via C and D
1. Assuming that the delivery dates for the consignments in Activity 1 are in 60 days, 30 days and 90  days respectively for the ball bearings, beef and tractor consignments, select what you think is the most  appropriate route to get the goods from their pick up point to their destination?
Note:
Remember to investigate alternative routes which may involve transhipments and that the most direct route may  not necessarily be the best route?
Consignment Pick up Point Destination Route Selected
Ball bearings
Beef
Tractors
Alternate Routes
Consignment
Alternative Route
Circumstances when it would be used
Ball bearings
Beef
Tractors
Equipment and Storage
1. List examples of the types of equipment you may require to organise to organise the consignments of  ball bearings, beef and tractors from Activity 1.
Consignment Required equipment
Ball bearings
Beef
ractors
2. Give some examples of the locations and warehousing and storage facilities that may be required and  explain why they are required at those locations?
Consignment Required Warehouse/ Storage requirements Reasons for Warehouse/ Storage requirements
Ball bearings
Beef
Tractors
Choose one of the consignments from activity three. Give examples of the tasks that may need to be performed
during the export or international freight transfer process for that consignment.
1. After doing that give an estimate of how many people may be required to complete those tasks?
2. Document this information in the table below.
Consignment Required tasks
No. of people required
3. Allocate responsibility for completing these tasks to members of your team.
Required tasks
Person(s) responsible
4. Show some examples of the type of training your staff may require in the chart below?
Documents, routes and regulations, insurance and security
1. Give examples of the types of rules, regulations and codes of practise that you may need to comply  with and give examples of the types of documents you would need to obtain if exporting or locally  transferring the consignments from Activity 1.
Document
Description
2. Give examples of the type(s) of insurance you may need to organise?
Insurance
Description
3. Give examples of the types of security arrangements you may need to organise?
Security
1. Give examples and describe the packaging, labelling and marking you may use and apply to the  consignments from activity 1.
Type
As the manager of Export Logistics and International freight transfer for MRBGS Logistics, you have noticed  that you always seem to have delays in your operations caused by:
• Slow export documentation clearance
• Rejection of dangerous goods by customs when gaining export clearance documents.
• Inefficiency of mechanised loading equipment which frequently breaks down.
1. Give examples of the potential causes of these operational difficulties?
 
 
2. Give examples of what actions you could take to ensure these operational difficulties were overcome
in your organisation and list them and the proposed actions in the chart below?
Description of operational difficulty Proposed response
1. Give your thoughts on why an operational plan is necessary when dealing with the importation or
export of products, and in particular why it is important when doing so for the first time?
Monitoring and Complying
1. What systems, policies and procedures might you have in place so that your organisation can monitor
your performance and ensure compliance with legal and regulatory requirements and quality standards?
2. Who in your organisation might have the responsibility for conducting monitoring activities and
compliance?
3. Give examples of their job title and what specific tasks they perform to achieve compliance?
4. How might your organisation ensure that it is kept up-to-date with new legislation, regulations and
codes of practice?
Assesment Document
complete the missing word, phrases definitions and examples of the following questions:
1. international trade is……
2. international trade is also refered to as……………….. Trade or
…………………………..
3. Domestic trade takes place entirely within a ……………………….. Country.
4. World trade is governed by the rules of trade between nations that are set by the world
……………….. organisation.
5. The most relevent regulations established by WTO are:
a) GATT (which stands for
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………)a set of rules under the WTO that governs trade rules
between countries.
b) GATS (which stands for
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……..)
6. A trading block is a community of countiries that trade as one entity. Some of the major trading blocks
are:
a)APEC (which stands
for…………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………)
21 Nations
b)EU(which stands
for…………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………..)2
5 Nations
c)NAFTA (which stands
for…………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………….) Mexico, Canada,
USA
d) MERCOSUR(Transitional Phase)6
S………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………American Nations
e)COMESA(which stands for
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………..21
Nations
7. In international trade governments often place artificial barriers against the free movement of goods from
one country to another. Examples of barries make important goods more expensive thus encouraging consumers to
buy local products are-
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
8. Balance of trade is the Value of a country’s level of I ……………………….. compared to the
level of e…………………………..
9.Importing is when you buy a product or service from another…………………………..
10)……………………… ing is when you sell a product or service to another country.
11)Methods of restricting trade are-
a)
b)
c)
12) Arguments for restricting trade are:-
a)Infant………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………
b)Changing………………………………………………………………………………………
……..
c)To
prevent…………………………………………………………………………………………
…..
d)To prevent establishment of…………………………………………monopoly
e)To
spread………………………………………………………………………………………….
………
f)Ext…………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………
g)pursuing……………………………………………………….(but against world intrests)
h)exploiting…………………………………………………………………………………….
..power
i)protecting…………………………………………………………………………………….
……………
j)Non-economic…………………………………………………………………………………..
……….
13)Problems with protection
are:……………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………….
a)Protection
as……………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………..
b)World…………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………
c)
R………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………..
d)cushions………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………..
e)B…………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………….
 
14)Definition of Globalisation is the
movement………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………….capitalist philosphy that leads to
the shrinking of the world in economic terms.
15)The Three Eras of globalisation were:
a) The first era was initially driven by countries
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………..
b)The second Era of Globalisation
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………
c)In the third era of globalisation
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………
16)Global markets and strategy have four important characteristics
a)
Standardization………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………..
b)Global
competition……………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………….
c)Traditional Organisational structure
and…………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………..
d)Globalisation introduces
more……………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………
17)Cooperate expanson has led to the following characteristics:
a)Expanding……………………………………………………………………………………..
……………..
b)Lowering………………………………………………………………………………………
…………..
c)sourcing………………………………………………………………………………………
…………….
d)Controlling……………………………………………………………………………………
…………..
e)Control……………………………………………………………………………………….
…………….
f)Global………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………..
18)The definition of International Logistics is the design and
management………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………….
19)Inco terms 2000 are an international
agreed………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………….
20)Sellers and buyers FAS- Free Alongside Ship definitions are:
a) Seller’s responsibility- delivers the goods
by……………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………….
b)Buyers responsibility arrange and pay carriage
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………
21)DAF- Delievered at Frontier means (DAP)
a)Delivery takes place when the goods are placed at
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………
b)The buyer is responsible to
unload………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………
22)DES Delivered EX Ship means (DAT)
a)Delivery takes place when
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………..
b)The buyer is
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………
c) Delivery takes place when
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………
d)The buyer is responsible
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………
24)DDU- Delivery Duty Unpaid Means (DDP)
a)Delivery takes place when…………………………………………..disposal on the arriving means
of transport
b)The seller bears costs and risks for………………………………………..but not for payment of
customs duty
c)Buyer is responsible
to……………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………..
25)DDP- Delivered Duty paid means:-
a)Delivery takes place when the goods
are…………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………….but have been cleared for import and duty paid
b)The named place could be
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………
c)the buyer is responsible to
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………
 
 
26) Examples of payment terms are:-
a)
b)
c)
d)
27)Examples of Pricing considerations are:
a)Cost per………………………………………………………………………………….
b)Tax…………………………………………………………………………………………
c)Profit……………………………………………………………………………………..
d)Special…………………………………………………………………………………..
e)Cost of………………………………………………………………….insurance
f)cost of other ins………………………………………………………………………..
g)L……………………charges
h)Dem……………………cold
i)Port…………………………………………………………………………………………
j)Trans……………………………………
k)Cost of obtaining……………………………………………………………………….
l)Consular………………………………………………………………………………….
m)Shipping agents…………………………………………………………………………
n)Cost
of…………………………………………………………………………………………
o)Cost of hedging the……………………………………………………………………….
p)unloading……………………………………………………………………………………
q)Storage at…………………………………………………………………………………..
r)import/export…………………………………………………………………………….
s)Agents………………………………………………………………………………………
28)GST on the taxable import is ….%of the
v………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………….
29)Supply chain management is the interigation of the business
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………….add value for customers.
30)Packaging is instrumental in getting
the…………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………..presentable condition.
31)Because of the added stress of international shipping packaging that is adequate for domestic shipping may
be
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………….
32) Companies need to learn how to simultaneously
achieve…………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………
33)International trends in shipping present challenges to commercial trading ports. These challenges which
can be summariesied are:
a) Trade………………………………………………………………………………….
b)Competition……………………………………………………………………………
c)New…………………………………………………………………………………………
d)Interim…………………………………………………………………………………….
e)Urban………………………………………………………………………………………..
f)Environmental, safety
and…………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………
34)Bulk carriers are specially designed to
haul……………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………
35)Tankers are specially designed
for…………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………and are the largest vessels afloat
36)RO-Ro means(…………………………………)which is basically a large ferry that faciliates the
loading/unloading process by using drive on/off ramps and may also have the capacitiy to haul containers.
37)Advantages of water transport against the other modes of transport are:-
a) Heavy…………………………………………………………………………………….
b)Powerful………………………………………………………………………………….
c)Environmental………………………………………………………………………..
d)Usually…………………………………………………………………………………..
e)Limited…………………………………………………………………………………..
f)Lower……………………………………………………………………………………….
38)Disadvantages of water transport against the other modes of transport are:-
a) Requires……………………………………..
b)Requires large volumes………………………………………………….
c)Shrinkage can…………………………………………………………………..
d) High…………………………………………………………….
e)LIttle…………………………….door to door
39)Air transit times are fastest of the modes but
rates,………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………
40)Issues that effect airfreight are:
a)Current…………………………………………………………….(73%)
b)High ……………………………………………operators
c)De-r………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………..
d)Security………………………………………………………………………………………
………….
e)Fuel………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………
f)Reli………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………..
g)Dominated
by……………………………………………………………………………………………..
..
41)When considering air as a transport mode, transport logisticians:-
a)Seek goods…………………………………………………………..
b)Accessibility………………………………………………………………………………….
…….
c)Reliability subject
to…………………………………………………………………………………….
42)Advantages of Airfreight transport are:-
a) HIgh level
of……………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………….
b)Close
links………………………………………………………………………………………..
c)G…………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………
43)Disadvantages of Airfreight transport are:-
a)High Capital and………………………………..
b)High regulated…………………………………
c)Requires……………………………………………………………………..
d)Interim…………………………………………………………………………………..
44)INtermodal refers to use of two or more modes of………………………………..movement of shipment
by publishing a through rate.
45)The modal selection process usually considers :
a)THe nature of………………………………………………………………….
b)Dur……………………………………………………………………………………….
c) Product
v………………………………………………………………………………………………

d)Shipment……………………………………………………………………………..
46)When analyzing rate negotiations, transport logisticians may
consider………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………..
a)Centralised
freight…………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………
b)Developing contracts with
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………at a specific price
c)Leaveraging volume
with……………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………..
48) Small Package carriers have:-
a)Evolved to
carry…………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………
b)Fast
service…………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………….
c)Examples are
parcel………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………
49)Freight forwarders consolidate many
small…………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………..
50)Shippers associations:-
a)Acts as
a………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………
b)Objects is
also……………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………….
51)Brokers:
a)Acts
as……………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………..
b)Often used to
provide…………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………….
 
 
52)Inter-modal Marketing Companies;-
a)An intermediary that
solicits………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………..
b)Can speed traffic through consolidation
(………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………going to the same destination)
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………
c)Particularly advantageous
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……..(one trailer)
53)In summarising consideration for transport and carrier;
a)The transportation system available to the logistics manager
consists………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………..
b)The carrier selection is twofold:
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………
Selection of the specific carrier.
54)When considering Packaging and labelling requirements suppliers must be advised
that……………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………….-Australian Compliance and Regulation AQIS, ACS and other agencies
55)When planning how your cargo will be packed, consider the voyage may be rough and you should maximise
s…………………….. to minimise d………………………….
56)Characteristics of Scheduled Carriers are;
a)Services available
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………
b)Published
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………
c)Published
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………
d)Published
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………
e)May accept LCL
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………
f)Modified Value
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………
g)Usually the freight of
………………………………………………………vehicle/vessel/aircraft
57)Characteristics of Contract or Charter Carriers are;
a)Service arranged
by……………………………………………………………………………………………..
……….contract
b)No
published……………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………
c)Times
set……………………………………………………………………………………..to the
contract
d)Agreed………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………..prices
e)Usually……………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………loads
f)Modified………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………….pricing usual
g)Usually only a few
clients…………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………….vehicle/vessel/aircraft
58)Transportation considerations are;
a)Sp……………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………….
b)Door to
Door……………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………….
c)Depe………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………
d)meeting……………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………
e)cap…………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………..
f)ability to
handle………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………
g)ava…………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………..
h)number
of……………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………..
i)c…………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………Cost per……………………………………../km
59)Characteristics of Efficient Transportation Services
a)Cap…………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………..
b)Com…………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………..
c)Econ………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………
d)Fle…………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………..
e)Fr……………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………….
f)Reg…………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………..
g)Rel…………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………..
h)Res…………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………..
i)Response………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………….
j)Sa……………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………….
k)Spe…………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………..
60)Choosing Transportation Modes
a)Because Australia has a relatively small population over a large continent that cost factors in choosing
the appropriate transport
mode……………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………….Competitiveness
b)Containerisation//Inter-modalism enables shippers
to……………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………..
 
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